The use of public roads in Romania by various categories of vehicles requires the fulfillment of several obligations provided in the legislation adopted by the state. One of these is the periodic technical inspection, an operation that aims to certify that a vehicle meets the safety requirements and that it can use the public road network.
In the article below you will find useful information about what PTI is and what the legislation is about it, as well as the answers to some important questions about this essential topic for any car owner.
Table of Contents:
1. What is the car periodic technical inspection
Periodic technical inspection of motor vehicles is a specialized activity, carried out in mechanical workshops, according to fixed rules and at exact time periods, which certifies the fulfillment of minimum safety rules for a certain motor vehicle. By passing this inspection there is certainty that the vehicle will not endanger the life of the driver and other road users due to technical failures.
The car check focuses on three main elements:
- Vehicle exhaust emissions. Depending on the pollution norm of the car, it must eliminate a maximum amount of polluting gases, otherwise the certificate will not be issued until the problems are corrected;
- Steering, running track and braking system. They must work flawlessly to avoid the risk of unwanted accidents;
- Lighting system . It must be in accordance with the laws of the country, not have major defects, not to be altered in terms of colors and intensity.
2. Legislation on periodic technical inspection
The document that establishes the conditions under which a vehicle obtains the certification for the periodic car technical inspection is the government ordinance no. 81/2000, with certain changes over time. According to this ordinance, any car registered or registered in Romania and circulating on public roads in the country must be previously subject to PTI.
Periodic technical inspection must be carried out at regular intervals, depending on the age of the car. Thus, the new cars have a validity period of the initial inspection of 3 years. Vehicles between 3 and 10 years old must perform the PTI every two years, and those older than 12 years every year.
A special category of vehicles is the one intended for the transport of people with more than 8 seats, who have to pass the PTI every 6 months. The same conditions apply to taxis or rented cars.
Vehicles that are submitted for periodic technical inspection will be inspected for defects. They can be classified into:
- minor failures, which do not significantly affect the safety of the vehicle;
- major malfunctions, which may endanger its safety at some point;
- dangerous malfunctions, which will certainly lead to dangerous incidents.
It should be noted that only minor defects are allowed to pass this inspection. In case of major and dangerous ones, the car does not pass the inspection until they are completely repaired, in maximum 30 days.
PTI’s concern is major, because without going through this procedure, vehicles cannot travel on public roads in Romania. Driving a car without a valid periodic technical inspection is a serious act, which can be punished with costly fines of over 5,000 lei in total. There are several ways to get rid of this worry at least in part.
- Purchase of a new vehicle, in which case you will not have to go through this inspection for 3 years;
- For older machines, there are applications that can be set to announce in advance that the PTI will expire;
- For business owners, who have dozens and even hundreds of vehicles in their care there is the possibility of contracting specialized companies fleet management, which takes care of all the PTI related things.
In conclusion, the regular roadworthiness test is a hassle for most car owners, but at the same time an assurance that they meet safety standards and do not endanger the integrity of road users.
3. Frequently asked questions and answers about the periodic car technical inspection
How long is the periodic technical inspection?
Depending on the age and destination of the vehicle, the ITP is done at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years and 3 years.
What happens if the car does not pass the ITP?
If this happens, then the owner has 30 days to fix the defects that did not allow it to pass.
What if you drive a car with an expired ITP?
In this situation, the driver may receive a fine, both for driving with an expired ITP and for driving during the suspension of registration, which is done automatically if it is no longer in the validity period.